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Cyecye oo o copaeca. Cae ece oeo oeopoa - ap, oe, a (o ocex epoe ca ae ceo). Meee pacpocpaeo , ceoaeo, eee eco (a epeo poco aoocyo) copaeco opeo eae, oca o poee cycca peeo a (epeo eca oecx), poco ceecx (a e) ee - yo, oox, x cex eo, aoo ypo, .. Hepyo oaac, o epa epecex aeop xapaepyec, a caa, accooc, pacpocpaeoc; opa - apoc, opooo oeo, pe - eoopo, o , apapoaoc; oceey y, oee, oey copaeca ooee, aepoe [] ( . . . ], e py.
(M coaeo epec e pee, oope oy coepa opae epo epaece apy).
Koa e copae a ae cceapye copaoe, a epeo cceye eo, aop npeeo pepaaec oe - aoee yaaey, oypy, oay opy xpae copaoo.
ec paooc copaeca, oopo, a o , coec ep ocoeoc cex epecex py. o oap - oop xpaee xoecex oox apoe, a pao, caapx paepo. oap oeocya (eoope ca ee y e ac ae - ea e caoo pacpocpaeoo pe a copaeca), ocaoo apa (copa o aco pyee, e ap, oe, , ae e a o); aoe, o aax ox - e e co cepea, co eea, popeoca ( oca accopyec c paoo poa opae paa, xo o paa).
Booe o po op oeca, ee ece ae, a caa, ccee eoce ae ao, oce e ee aoo pecae. Koe-o o o paccaa eepypc oeoep, e yoa Bap a: oa-o epae ae a ec p oeoep opo Hoa Tap. B o Oeeceo o o eo oe a pae a y paecx opoo, aoapoc a o oce oe ocyapco epeao ey poe op apx ecao. Co peee eo oe caa pyee pe, a ee peaa o oapo - o e aea ee ocyapc c ycoe coa e op. Taoo Pocc a e o, a e, ce xpac aacax e oc. A e a oe coco x ace. Hecoo poeo papeo, ocaoe - oe oce e. Ho ec poeo oy co opoe, e ocae 90. e oc ce caoe eoe oe eo cey 1.
Bce ooopae opox ceo p ooo oca opoo ae oeo e. Hac pecye opaee ope pax aceo epaecoo xoeca. ec eoxoo oe ee oy ocoeoc: opa caa o cee o cea ec e caocoe xoece poeee, a pepoye opae, o aoee oa eo oopae ocp. B oe o poox aoo, oea opa oaa oa, ee ee xpa epeea pocpace.
Ee oo copoo opoca ec coaa coc op. Ee oooa. ae pacpocpaee, poecca poe co exec, opaa p oeo oeco yypo oeca.
Kao ocoeoc oeex opax epaecx ceo? Ca pacpocpae ee ec ao cooae eeo ocyapcex, poox eppopax epo aece ypae, eopaoo ooe epao opae. B o cae epaa aae opoceeoe, a epeo oeoe ooee o ooe eae ocoo oo.
epece epaece ee e ocpoeee a coecx xoecex opax ap pap: A. Mee, Typp 1592 ., A. Moaa Bcpea p oepa c Maee Kopo, .-M. eyp B oepa opoa T - o ce o cooa ep a ac opaea. Kypeo ca ep a ope c cpae ooec Mep ya: pecoy aa Koe co epe oyea, c pece eapo, opa oa o c epo eyoo caoa (ea opco opoo , coe cea epe c peca ea, a epxe e acx e cooeceo ope oae y).
Ka oee ao, ae oe ao, ac pepopex opae, ep caoc a oppeax ax . x aoe op: oppe apo ec c co (x. K. e Boc), oppe oooo eoea (. o pex), oppe eecoo (. Moe). ep a oppeax ca aeo, o c opao ac oco oo, eoee apyo opaex. Epoec xyoa op aop pccx apcy XVII-XVIII .: oppea aa Epeoa (eec xyo), oppea oeo .E. Bacoa (.H. Aoc), oppea .. oopyoo (Macep Cay) oppea .B. Cy (eec pac xo), ae oyoax e xoecex opo 1960-1980- . Paoee opce ep p a ec a co oe, o cpae ax oco.
K epaec, oce eocpeceo epa oo x, oe oec oo e ece a op, ee o 1991 . o - pepo yx copo pxa yaca a eea (1- e. XVI .) ceee ceoo (cop. oc. paa), ea oopa ea apoao a oa XVII . Opyeo aa Mococoo Kpe. Cop coaoo o o aoy aa pxa opaa ooy ey poc, epax epoe , pe y pecae caoo oa pooo op, aa a eceoe cocoe epoae. Oa a, oeee aeo e oca, ecceo aa a aoc pepoo x oaaee. epcoae oo copooa cepxy ee epe a c o o x ocox epa. Hae pao ooe poooo a epox e a pyax a a ocoae oopea, o ep ooo oco e e, a cpec.
Pepoy a aeo coeoco a ao ac c o peex opae pccoo poooro epa - ao eco a Poaocx-Capocx. Mee o yo, xoa oao epx pa c eo, ooa opoa, eaa oo, oee py, oae pace opaeo ao aoa aoece epoe . Te eee ec paoo oeap a oopoe op, oceoo eo ep po Pooaocx.
Caee, co ao a coecoe pe eoc epa? Ho o cop a epa... Bo aop 16 opo - PCCP. ep a2. Ha oe cax paoopax ecpx opaeo aoax opo - acoo oaoa oo a oy e ey: opae ooc epo ep PCCP c cepo ooo a oe coex e (axoee ceo a apoo ee, peeae a y c eep?). y e - pac a c e e op pooca oeo eo a , co ceo-oyo ooco pea. Ha ao epe ae pa oo ac a epox ax - apca, pca, aecaca ACCP pe aoae aoo aao ope. B ocaaae 14- o cey, pe c oa cpa c ac, e - poooaa paa cepe aoo pocca - eeo-ca ACCP a eo-eeo, coo opoe opo opopax oepecpoex oeoao, oe...
Teep o, e ooc pao, aop - coeo poa pe, a o cpae, oopo ye e. Ho poe oo, o ee a opoa ocac - poaaa. , a aoae o ece o pxe epa - ooa c epo ao PCCP, e e cx x ace apa.
Coceo, ocaee ep - e coce ep, a coae ecoo acex e, o acoae aopo CCCP. Boae eaee, o ep Poccco eepa oo pee - o a caa e cepe, ceo ypaee p oa oe ooo, cepoo coa e e pa pac, ee o.
oe a opoo ocaoc a epae opax coecoo pee? B oxy oro ea, p aopaoc pyoocyoc ceax a, p ceoc peepo apoc oox apo xyoecea opa ocaaac epca ( eopo!) cpeco pacpocpae eeapo yyp oece. Ee epeca o oe c opae eco (oo oepe!), ee ea po c oopa pca ceee, e, eece ao, ap xpa a a. B pooec aa opo po-eap opae e oo apoa xoecea opa poa cooy, epeo aoa eaoaoo coecoo paaa c e, o e pecoaoc ac, o eooo eocyo o e. ocaoo co o ooe ocyce eax ae ax pyax o oeeceo apeo cop oppeo oapxo eo cee (eee ceo oeo ec, payeec, ac Poaox, ca epa I), poe pae o apayp. Coece e op e c 1960- oo oec o copaee poco ocyx opa Be. K. Ee ao, oep aa I (1963), ap Mxaa eopoa (1966), Aecapa I (1976, po 200-eey e co poe), caoo aa I ( o ce ece oppe, 1981, 1982), epa III (1981), ap Haa Kpo (1981), e oop ye o oocex oppeax Eaep II pax opaco (1973,1974, 1974,1976,1978, 1981,1984,1990 .) p.
Ee oa ocoeoc coecx xyoecex opo o o eae - o, o pacpocpac o o ceo aopax, ocex oe aoo-o ye, - pee - opaeoy ccc o o cpa, apoa, oea.
Kpc pee oao eoo CCCP oe 80- - aae 90- . op o cpa oeeceo epa epaecx ya. Coo, o ep xoece opa c epa ca pepoy poox x e epaopco a, a oopy coecoe pe aaaoc, oa, aoee oeco ceoox a.
ae aopa ep Poaox3 oocc e ae peea, oa a cooeece e e, aec, pecae o o, o Poao (.e. Poccc apcy o) - o e oo ap eo e, o opooe oeco px poceo. Too eeeco cocaee aopa, e , oe oc o oca a, o, oo o ocapceoo epa epa Poaox, e oo eoo aope (9 opo po paox 15-16) ex p op oeeo ooopa epa oepe Hoa II, a oa - epy cooo opoa Ca-eepypa (pe o ec?!). pyx ocoeoce aopa co oe pepoy ooo epa epap Aecap eopo, ceceo oaeoc o ocpoeeoo epoee (1993, 2. C 3 . a) pco eoo a, a ae oo ep Beo K Aacac Hoae (e Hoa Hoaea - aeo), oa ca o o cacoy ac eocop cocaee. Koeoepa o oeo, o cpe eo ac ac e coee py pyy pecc, ae e oa oe aope oepeoro pae ooopaoo epa - eepo apcx oepe...
Haop ep Poaox c epaeco, a caa, o pe, oe , e oe aee. Eo eoc - oyoax eo aopa copecx oyeax, ao c epoe pao ypaax pao paoax ceacx xyoo-epaco.
Kaec, poccce e epa o oceoa pep aeca oexa 10-ee [] ( ), cooa, cay, o oce yca oee op c o epa eo ac Poaox ca oyeo PA, xo o epe- o. oo e opao o ooa ep Oeo epoa, oe ep, ep opoo.
He aca ce a op c a epa pocx opcx poo. x c - cea aca peea Bcepocccoo epaecoro Oeca .C. Ceaoa ecoo xoa-epaca .. Kococoro. Ha opax a coe eco oee coeopao xoeceo ce ep e apaoo, ox, Ooecx, Tpex, pao .B. pca, Bopoox, Topacox, op oeex-Kox, pox, aapex, oxx, Caapx. Meoaa yaa, cooaeceoe o oy pee opaecoe coee c cooae ae ooo cepepo paco (ep pca, Bopoox, aapex Tpex, poe oo, ae a eo yae) cea y a p coe cop oeeceo epaeco oap. yao eee eca oapc pacy eoo pa x apoe, ecop a o, o oeecee copae opo o oe ac ocac paoy x cey, peoa copa pepoy pao ex x axc xyoo.
Ho, coae, a oo ae e oceoa pe, e eee epece. opae epo pao ..Kococoo, P..Maaea, B.. H.P.Eopo, pyx copeex xyoo-epaco oeac a apax aeapax, pae epoe a ax Pocccoo opcoo Copa - Coa ooo pocccoo opca. oce coce eao c ape ae c pca epo ee oc aopox ceec, e yaa aopa. He a ao op c eppopa epa - opoo 3oooro oa eeppco ep. B ocee cyae epoe ypac oopoy copoy opo c pepo papoax o cooecyx ecoce, apep, aoca.
Cee oe opy aopa, oceoo coaa ocyapceoo copecoo ye 4. Ha oopa a eo copoe apo oeo eae ea epo a ocyapcex eax 1856-1881 . Oe pac ec oo ocapce ep co ce eo apya o yo Aecapa II o ooy oo ea, aae epaoe eco a ope.
oce opo ep xoeo ea oaac pe. o 2000 oa ocyapce copec ye opaoa oceee aopo 12 ce 5. Pepoy ap, opaax e apae oo poccco apcopa ( oopx aoe epep oa epa I, cocey oc Be. K. Ecae eopo oppe e epex), e a oopoe ee oopa peeo ee pax ox. [ ] ( O) cye - opocoo-Cpeea, - c a ce pe ca epo aee, xo paccaa ae. e paeoc po c ooae ca oopa epa peea oeo. Hecop a o pcopoe ocoeco, o e pecooo cya a ope e o paaeo eo epa, cee opaoac caoy ay a, a oy, o aea e po ooy ep a cee...

1. pe A. Mo paca a // Tpy-7. 27 .-2 ep. 2000. 15 (23488). C.29.
2. PCCP. ep a. [Koe 16 opo]. M.: Co. Pocc, 1967. Tpa 75000 .
3. ep Poaox / The Romanoffs Coafs of Arms. [Koe 9 oo]. .: -o oexa, 1991. Tpa 10000 .
4. Pe cop ocyapca pocccoo / Relics of the hictory of State. Coc. opoxoa E.., apee A.B., aycoa .H. [Koe 32 opo]. M.: M, T. pecca, 1997. Tpa 5000 .
5. 12 cye pycco epepe. [Koe 12 opo]. M.: M; a - cy Kocaa, 2000. Tpa eece.

K.H. Kpo, , Moca

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